The National Maritime Authority was established by Article 5 - Decree 2324 of 1984
In order to understand this document please bear in mind the following:
Crossed out means repealed by Law 1 of 1991
Underscored means proclaimed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of Justice verdict No. 63 of August 22 of 1985
** between two asterisks means that it was proclaimed unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court, verdict C-212 of April 28 of 1994
- Provide guidance to the government on the adoption of policies and programs related to maritime activities and execute them within the confines of its jurisdiction.
- Direct, regulate, control and promote the development of the Merchant Marine, marine scientific research and use of resources of the sea.
- Coordinate maritime traffic control along with the Colombian Navy.
- Install and maintain navigation aids in service; perform hydrographic surveys and produce national nautical cartography.
- Regulate and control activities related to general navigation safety, safety of human life at sea, maritime search and rescue and establish ship personnel requirements.
- Authorize vessel and movable floating platform operations in Colombian waters.
- Regulate, authorize and control purchase, building, repair, modification, maintenance, use, break-up and sale of vessels and movable floating platforms. To this effect it may require that preliminary ship construction plans bear the characteristics suggested by the National Navy, for reasons of national defense.
- Regulate, authorize and control activities related to arrival, mooring, maneuvering, anchoring, towing and departure of vessels and movable floating platforms; visit port incoming vessels and movable floating platforms through Port Authorities.
- Regulate, perform and control enrollment, registration, inspection, classification, registry and patent of vessels and movable floating platforms.
- Promote, authorize and supervise the organization and operation of shipyards, repair shops and other facilities for building, repairing and maintenance of vessels and movable floating platforms, and register them.
- Authorize, record and control professional practice of individuals or legal entities devoted to maritime activities, especially activities such as pilotage, towing, ship agency services, vessel and cargo brokerage, ports, stowage, dredging, classification, reconnaissance, diving, maritime rescue and communications and issue corresponding licenses.
- Provide guidance to the government in regulating and controlling seafarer training, education centers, as well as its plans and programs and record and issue professional licenses to graduates and marine inspectors in different public or private professional maritime activities. It should also register the aforementioned marine inspectors.
- Regulate, guide and control international coastal trade maritime activities, public or private; allot, modify or cancel routes and services and establish conditions for those activities.
- Authorize agreements, covenants and associations projected by Colombian shipowners and cancel authorizations which could be detrimental to national interests.
- Authorize leasing or chartering of Colombian or foreign vessels and movable floating platforms.
- Approve entrance of Colombian shipowners into maritime conferences and record their representation, regulations, fees and surcharges.
- Authorize international freight, coastal trade and passenger fees for tourism vessels.
- Authorize application of booking and grant its lifting.
- Apply, coordinate, oversee and enforce national and international regulations for preservation and protection of the marine environment.
- Regulate, authorize and control exploration of antiques and sunken shipwrecks and process procedures for extraction or recovery contracts.
- Regulate, authorize and control concessions and permits in water, low-tide areas, beaches and other public properties within the areas of its jurisdiction.
- Regulate, authorize and control the construction and use of islands and artificial structures within its jurisdiction.
- Regulate, authorize and control the construction of public ports and docks, and their operation according to prevailing regulations.
- Establish anchoring areas for vessels and movable floating platforms.
- Determine fees for providing services complementary and related to maritime activity.
- Authorize and control the dredging, filling and other related oceanic engineering projects in low-tide areas, beaches and other public properties within the areas of its jurisdiction.
- Initiate and provide a verdict on investigations for violating Merchant Marine regulations, for maritime disasters, violation of booking regulations, pollution of marine and fluvial environments, undue or not authorized construction projects on public domain lands under National Maritime Authority jurisdiction. **The phrase “for violation to other regulations which regulate maritime activities" was proclaimed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of Justice, verdict c-212 of April 28 of 1994 **and impose corresponding sanctions.
- Provide guidance to the government over maritime international agreements, covenants and treaties and enforce their execution.
- In general, develop activities and programs related to the mission and purpose of the General Maritime and Port Directorate.